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      [考試] 2017 年12 月大學英語四級考試真題答案與詳解(第2 套)

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      發表于 2018-12-4 07:33:54 | 只看該作者 回帖獎勵 |倒序瀏覽 |閱讀模式
      2017 年12 月大學英語四級考試真題答案與詳解(第2 套)

      Part I Writing

      審題思路:

      此次話題師生關系貼近學生生活,因此寫起來并不難。簡單開篇之后,考生應該將重點放在第二段,給出處理

      好師生關系的一些建議。當然,這個話題還可以從不同的角度入手,比如老師應該如何做,或者師生共同努力,等

      等。考生應結合自己的實際情況,從自己最擅長的角度寫,這樣容易做到言之有物。本文僅從學生角度給出了三條

      處理好師生關系的建議。

      高分范文:

      Teacher-student Relationship Is Never Complex

      The relationship between teachers and students has been hotly discussed in recent years in China for more and more

      attention has been paid to education. Today I would like to share some tips on how to get along well with teachers from

      students’ perspective.

      First and foremost, leave a good first impression on your teacher. As the saying goes, well begun is half done. A good

      first impression is important for teachers to remember your name among your fellow students. Secondly, study hard and be

      active in class. A student who loves study can definitely impress teachers deeply. Finally, keep contact with your teacher

      after.

      To conclude, teacher-student relationship is never complex if you could have an excellent academic performance, be

      cooperative in class or make friends with your teacher.

      全文翻譯:

      師生關系并不復雜

      由于人們對教育越來越關注,師生關系近幾年來中國引起熱議。今天,我想從學生角度分享幾條關于如何與老

      師和睦相處的建議。

      首先,給老師留下良好的第一印象。常言道:良好的開端是成功的一半。良好的第一印象對于讓老師從你的眾

      多同學中記住你非常重要。第二,努力學習,在課堂上積極表現。一個熱愛學習的學生一定會讓老師印象深刻。最

      后,課下經常與老師溝通,這樣你們就會成為朋友。

      總結而言,如果你學業表現良好、課上積極配合或與老師成為朋友,那么師生關系就絕對不會復雜。

      Part II Listening Comprehension

      Section A

      News Report One

      A New Jersey black bear that walks upright on its two back legs and has become a social media darling has re-emerged

      and has been captured on video months after its last sighting. The bear named Pedals was spotted in the town of Oak Ridge.

      In a video posted to Facebook featuring the bear, it appeared to be in relatively good health and was moving quickly.

      (1)Pedals apparently has an injured leg or paw that doesn’t allow it to walk comfortably on all fours according to experts.

      Lawrence Hajna, spokesman for the state Department of Environmental Protection, said officials expect the bear to make it

      through next winter. (2)The bear first gained fame after it was spotted wandering around neighborhoods and was caught on

      videos that were posted on social media and shown on national television. Last year, supporters pushed for Pedals to be

      moved to a shelter, but New Jersey officials have said they won’t allow the bear to be captured and transferred to the facility

      “The bear would do better in its natural habitat and the agency would step in if its condition deteriorated,” they said.

      Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

      未聽先知:預覽兩道題各選項,主語多為It,結合第1 題選項中出現的its audience、catch people’s attention 和limbs

      可知,It 指某個動物,因此本篇新聞內容與動物有關;再結合第2 題選項中出現的spotted、television、videos 和social

      media 等詞可知,該動物因某種原因引起了媒體關注。

      1.What is the probable reason the bear walks upright on its back legs?

      答案:D

      詳解:新聞中提到,根據專家的說法,Pedals 明顯有一條腿或者爪子受傷,這導致它無法舒服地四肢著地行走,

      因此答案為D。

      2.How is the bear first known to the public?

      答案:C

      詳解:新聞中提到,這頭熊首次出名是因為它在居民區附近閑逛被人發現并且拍了視頻上傳到社交網站上,又在

      國家電視臺播出。因此答案為C。

      News Report Two

      It’s not your imagination. Traffic in the US is actually getting worse. (3)Americans drove more miles last year than any

      other year on record. The US Department of Transportation says Americans drove nearly 3,150 billion miles last year.

      That’s about the same distance as 337 round trips from Earth to Pluto. The previous record was 3,003 billion miles in 2007,

      before the economic recession and high gas prices. The traffic increase comes at the same time as gas prices drop

      significantly. The current average gas price in the US is $1.71 per gallon. A year ago it was $2.31 per gallon and was often

      much higher in recent years. (4)A transportation expert told the reporter that job growth likely plays a part as well, along

      with some people driving longer distances to and from work. And so all this means more traffic jams on the road. The Texas

      A&M Travel Institute found that rush-hour travelers spent an extra 42 hours on the road last year because of travel delays.

      Now, that is depressing.

      Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

      未聽先知:預覽兩道題各選項,由選項中出現的distance travelled、road accidents、gas、consumption 和traffic 等詞

      可知,本篇新聞與交通有關,可能涉及行車里程、交通狀況和耗油量等方面。

      3.What new record did the American drivers set last year?

      答案:A

      詳解:新聞開頭部分提到,美國人去年的行車里程比以往有記錄的任何一年都要多。因此答案為A。

      4.What is depressing according to the speaker?

      答案:D

      詳解:新聞中提到,一位交通專家告訴記者說,工作數量的增長加上人們通勤距離的加長意味著路上會有更多的

      擁堵,德克薩斯州的A&M 交通協會發現,去年高峰時期由于交通延誤,人們在路上要多花42 個小時的時間,而

      這令人很沮喪,因此答案為D。

      News Report Three

      (5)A 16-year-old asked a stranger at a grocery store to buy him and his mother some food in exchange for carrying

      man’s groceries to his car. What happened next will pull at your heartstrings. (6)A wonderful bond formed between the two,

      and within a couple of weeks, the stranger, named White, helped raise $190,000 on a website to support the Memphis

      teenager and his disabled mother. “When Chauncy approached me, it just pulled at my heart,” White said. “Here comes

      Chauncy, just trying to get food for him and his mom off the grace of other people. When I looked at him and saw what he

      was doing and what he was asking for, I said he was my hero.” (7) “Chauncy is a top student who is doing his best to make

      it in a world with no money and very few resources,” White explained on the crowd funding site. He wants to work and help

      his mother financially. “It’s so rare that we get an opportunity to affect so much change on one life,” White wrote. “I cannot

      thank you enough for caring about Chauncy. This is his big chance, and you’re making it possible.”

      Questions 5 and 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

      未聽先知:預覽三道題各選項,主語均為He,由此可知,本篇新聞與某位男士有關。結合第5 題選項語意以及反

      復出現的stranger 可知,此題考查某男士所做的與一個陌生人有關的行為動作;第6 題選項中反復出現了him,而

      且通過語義可知him 與主語He 為不同的兩個人,故此題考查其中一位男士為另一位男士做了什么;第7 題各選項

      均是對某男士的描述,故此題考查有關此男士的細節信息。

      5.What did teenager Chauncy do at the grocery store to get some food?

      答案:B

      詳解:新聞開頭提到,一個16 歲的孩子在一家雜貨店里請求一個陌生人給他和他的媽媽買一些食物,而作為交換,

      他會把這個陌生人的東西從雜貨店搬運到他的車里。因此答案為B。

      6.What did the stranger do for Chauncy?

      答案:C

      詳解:新聞中提到,兩個人之間產生了奇妙的聯系,而且在幾個星期的時間里,這個名為White 的陌生人在一個

      網站上籌集了19 萬美元錢款用來幫助這個孟菲斯市的少年和他的殘疾母親。因此答案為C。

      7.What do we learn about Chauncy?

      答案:B

      詳解:新聞中提到White 在眾籌網站上寫道:“Chauncy 是一個優等生,他一直盡自己最大的努力在美元錢和幾乎

      美元資源的情況下取得成功。”因此答案為B。

      Section B

      Conversation One

      M8)That was my last economics lecture of the week. And here is the weekend again.

      W:What are you up to tonight? I was just wondering if we could try out the new restaurant on Charles Street, then go on to

      Queen Victoria for a drink.

      M:Sorry, (9)I am heading home this weekend for my brother ’s 18th birthday.

      W:Oh, that’s great.

      M:All my relatives are gonna be there, as well as my brother ’s horrible friends of course. (10) Listen, why don’t you come

      along? Mom would be absolutely delighted to see you again. She is always asking after you.

      W:Yes, I’d love to see her too.

      M:So please, do come. It would be great. Besides, with Jonathan’s wild game to contain with, I would really welcome an

      ally.

      W:That sounds tempting. But I won’t be ready till 5:00, as I’ve got my statistics seminar now. What time are you heading

      off?

      M:Well, I was going to leave right away. However, I can hang around for you if you like. It just means that I’ll need to

      change my ticket.

      W:But would that be too much trouble for you?

      M:No, not at all. (11-1)I’ll go to the station first, and see if I can get tickets for us on the 6:30 train. Then, you can drive me

      there. I’ll text you when it’s done.

      W:Brilliant. Are you absolutely positive it’s okay? I wouldn’t want to impose.

      Mon’t worry. You are most welcome to join our party. And as I always say, the more, the merrier.

      Wook, I’d better go, or I’ll be late. (11-2)So I’ll meet you down at the station around 6:00?

      M:Fine, see you later.

      Questions 8 and 11 are based on the news report you have just heard.

      未聽先知:預覽四道題各選項,第8 題、第9 題和第10 題各選項均為動詞短語,因此這三題考查某人的行為動作。

      其中,第8 題各選項均為過去完成時動詞,因此考查某人已經發生的行為動作;第9 題和第10 題各選項均為現在

      時,且多次出現his,因此可大膽推測,這兩題考查男士現在或將來的行為動作;第11 題各選項均與交通工具有關,

      因此考查某人的出行方式。

      8.What has the man just done?

      答案:A

      詳解:對話開頭,男士說剛才是他本周最后一次經濟學講座。可知男士剛剛參加過一場經濟學講座,答案為A。

      9.What is the man going to do this weekend?

      答案:C

      詳解:對話中,男士拒絕了女士的提議,說這周末是他弟弟的18 歲生日,因此要回家,故答案為C。

      10.What does the man ask the woman to do?

      答案:D

      詳解:對話中,男士問女士要不要一起來(參加他弟弟的生日宴會),并且說自己的母親見到她一定會很開心。

      因此答案為D。

      11.How would they go to the man’s home?

      答案:B

      詳解:對話中,男士在邀請到女士去自己家之后說,要先去車站看看能否買到6 點半的火車票。對話最后女士征

      求男士的意見6 點左右在車站會合,男士表示同意,因此答案為B。

      Conversation Two

      M:Hi, Jane. How is everything going?

      W:So far so good. I’ve just finished my last exam.

      M:Good, the term is coming to an end. (12)Do you think we should take a holiday overseas to relax and have fun? (13)I’ve

      saved my tips for my waiter job these past few months and I should have enough by July.

      W:Yes, that’s a wonderful idea. (14)I’ve got a little put-aside for a rainy day, but I might need to earn a little more before we

      go. By the way, what’s it like working in a restaurant?

      M:Well, it’s really tough, as working a ten-hour shift is like hell. I am not sure if it’ll suit you, but it’s pretty cool if your

      bosses are right. Do you think we should invite some others to come along?

      W:Yes. We could ask Tom and Tracy if they are interested. I haven’t been abroad for a long while. And it would be great to

      go somewhere by the sea. I can’t wait. (15)And, if Tom goes, we could go sailing. He has a lot of experience with boats.

      And it’ll work out a lot cheaper to hire one if there’s more of us to share the cost.

      M:So, that’s a plan. We will save as much as we can and go sailing next July. Let’s say Spain, or anywhere cheap we’ll find.

      W:OK. But, first we’d better contact Tom and Tracy and see if they are up for it. If not, it will be better to join board.

      Questions 12 and 15 are based on the news report you have just heard.

      未聽先知:預覽四道題各選項,由選項中的exam、courses 和term paper 可知,對話與學生有關;再根據選項中的

      vacation abroad、money、Working part time 和sailing 等詞可推測,對話內容涉及出國度假、掙錢、兼職工作等方面

      內容。其中,第15 題各選項主語均為He,考查某男士的細節信息。

      12.What does the man think of doing?

      答案:A

      詳解:對話中,男士提到學期要結束了,問女士是否認為他們應該去國外度假、休息放松一下。因此答案為A。

      13.What has the man been doing for the past few months?

      答案:C

      詳解:對話中男士提到,在過去的幾個月里他已經攢下了做服務生掙得的小費。因此答案為C。

      14.What does the woman say she needs to do before departure?

      答案:B

      詳解:對話中,女士提到自己有一點儲蓄以備不時之需,但在出發前可能還需要多掙一些。因此答案為B。

      15.Why does the woman want to invite Tom?

      答案:A

      詳解:對話中,男士問女士是否應該再叫幾個人一起去,女士回答說可以問問Tom 和Tracy,并且提到如果Tom

      去,他們就可以進行帆船運動,Tom 有很多船上的經驗。因此答案為A。

      Section C

      Passage One

      Most people know Marie Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize, and the first person to win it twice.

      (16)However, few people know that she was also the mother of a Nobel Prize winner.

      Irene Curie was born on September 12,1987. At the age of 10, Irene’s talents and interest in mathematics were apparent.

      Irene entered Sevigne University in October,1914, to prepare for her degree in mathematics and physics. When World War I

      began, she left Sevigne University to help her mother, who was using X-ray facilities to help save the lives of wounded

      soldiers. (17)Irene continued this work by developing X-ray facilities for military in France and Belgium. After the war she

      received a Military Medal for her work. In 1918, Irene became her mother’s assistant at the Curie Institute. In December

      1924, Frederic Joliot visited the Institute where he met Marie Curie. Frederic became one of her assistants and Irene taught

      him the techniques required to work with radioactivity. Irene and Frederic soon fell in love and got married on October

      29,1926. Their daughter was born in 1927 and their son in 1932.

      Like her mother, Irene combined family with career. Like her mother, Irene was awarded a Nobel Prize, along with her

      husband, Frederic, in 1935, for producing new radioactive elements. (18)Unfortunately, also like her mother, she developed

      blood cancer because of her exposure to radiation. Irene Joliot-Curie died on March17,1956.

      Questions 16 and 18 are based on the news report you have just heard.

      未聽先知:預覽三道題各選項,由選項中出現的won、Nobel Prize 和winner 可知,本篇短文與諾貝爾獎獲得者有關。

      第16 題和第17 題各選項主語均為She,可推測該諾貝爾獎獲得者為女性;再結合語義可推測,第16 題考查該女性

      的經歷或成就,第17 題考查該女性的貢獻或所做的有助益的事情,第18 題則考查該女性與另一人物的共同特點。

      16.What does the speaker say about Marie Curie’s daughter?

      答案:D

      詳解:短文開頭提到,大多數人都知道Marie Curie 是第一位獲得諾貝爾獎的女性,也是第一個獲得兩次諾貝爾獎

      的人,然而很少有人知道她也是一位諾貝爾獎得主的母親。下文接著對Marie Curie 的女兒Irene 進行了介紹,因此

      答案為D。

      17.For what was Irene Curie awarded a Military Medal?

      答案:B

      詳解:短文中提到,一戰爆發后,Irene Curie 離開了大學,幫母親用X 射線設備拯救受傷士兵的生命。Irene Curie

      繼續這項工作,為法國和比利時的軍事醫院研發X 射線設備。戰爭結束后,她獲得一枚軍功章,作為對她的工作的

      肯定。因此答案為B。

      18.In what way were Marie and Irene similar?

      答案:A

      詳解:短文最后提到,不幸的是,Irene 和她的母親Marie 一樣,由于暴露在輻射中而得了血癌,Irene 與1956 年3

      月17 日去世。因此答案為A。

      Passage Two

      Have you ever heard of the Vikings? They were sea travelers from Norway. More than a thousand years ago, they made

      three important geographical discoveries.

      (19)The Vikings’ first major discovery occurred in the ninth century. A man called Naddod was on his way from

      Norway to the Faroe Islands, north of England, when his ship was caught in a storm. The storm blew the ship west for

      several days. When the weather cleared, Naddod found himself on the coast of a new land. Later, Viking travelers named it

      Iceland.

      In 982, a Viking called Eric the Red sailed west in search of new land. (20)Five hundred miles west of Iceland, he and

      his men reached an icy rocky mass of land. They sailed around it until they reached the western side. Here, they found some

      green areas, so they named the island Greenland.

      Then, in 1001, the Vikings made their most important discovery. The son of Eric the Red, named Leif Ericson, had

      heard rumors about land west of Greenland. He sailed west and soon found it. He and his men landed in three places. They

      called the first one Helluland, which means land of flat stones. The Vikings then sailed south and made their second landing.

      They named this place Markland. The third landing was at a place they called Vinland. Leif Ericson and his men were the

      first Europeans to walk on the shores of North America, almost 500 years earlier than Columbus.

      Questions 19 and 21 are based on the news report you have just heard.

      未聽先知:預覽三道題各選項,由選項中出現的first settlers、Europe、conquerors、the ninth century 以及反復出現的

      the Vikings 可知,短文內容與早期維京人的領土擴張有關。第19 題各選項的主語They 很有可能就是指維京人,此

      題考查有關維京人的細節描述;第20 題各選項主語均為It,結合語義可推測,本題可能考查某地的方位或者特征;

      第21 題各選項均為名詞短語且均比較有概括性,可能考查短文主旨。

      19.What do we learn about the Vikings?

      答案:C

      詳解:短文中提到,維京人的第一個重大發現發生在9 世紀。一個名叫Naddod 的人要從挪威到英格蘭北部的法羅

      群島(Faroe Islands),但他的船遇到了暴風雨,被吹向了西方并行駛了幾天,等天氣晴朗之后,他們發現自己到

      了一片新陸地,之后維京人將其命名為Iceland。因此答案為C。

      20.What does the passage say about Greenland?

      答案:D

      詳解:短文中提到,Eric the Red 和他的船員們在Iceland 以西500 里發現了一塊結滿了冰且到處都是巖石的陸地,

      他們繞著這塊陸地航行抵達了它的西面,在這里他們發現了一些綠地,因此將它命名為Greenland。因此答案為D。

      21.What does the speaker mainly talk about?

      答案:A

      詳解:短文從簡單介紹維京人開始,引出了他們的三大重要地理發現,全篇以這三大發現展開描述。從短文中不

      難得出,維京人的三大發現均與海洋、航行和發現新陸地有關,因此可以概括為海洋探索,答案為A。

      Passage Three

      Where do you think you will be in ten years? It’s difficult to know exactly where you will be and what you will be

      doing. (22)But everyone dreams about the future. You might imagine the job you will get when you finish school. You may

      daydream about meeting your life partner or live in a big house by the sea.

      In my dreams, I would have twins, a boy and a girl. We would live in a large two-story house with floors and the

      staircase made of wood. Now, at the age of 46, I look back on those dreams and smile. Things haven’t turned out exactly as

      I imagined. (23)But I wouldn’t change what I have now for that imaginary world. (24)In college, I studied international

      business, and planned to enter a law school. In my third year of university, I realized that I didn’t want to become a lawyer. I

      chose to become a language teacher. I did get married, but had more than two children. We had five. Do I live in the dream

      house with wooden floors? No, I don’t. But I love my home and I wouldn’t want to live in any other place.

      I believe that as a young person, it’s important to dream and make plans. However, it’s also important to realize that not

      all of your plans will turn out exactly as you wish. (25)One of the biggest lessons I have learned in life is this: Be happy

      with what you have.

      Questions 22 and 25 are based on the news report you have just heard.

      未聽先知:預覽四道題各宣泄下,第22 題四個選項均為對一般行為的描述,考查某人的行為動作;由第23 題選項

      中反復出現的his 和he 可推測,本篇短文與某位男士有關,應注意與男士相關的動作描述;第24 題各選項均為名

      詞短語,聽音時注意提及選項關鍵詞的細節描述;第25 題多為哲理行描述,可能考查啟發類的題目,應多注意短

      文結尾的總結性語言。

      22.What does the speaker think everyone tends to do?

      答案:C

      詳解:短文開頭部分,講話者明確提到每個人都會夢想將來,因此答案為C。

      23.What does the speaker say he would refuse to do?

      答案:B

      詳解:短文中,講話者提到了自己對將來的夢想,也提到現實與夢想有所差別,但是講話者明確說自己不會拿現

      在所擁有的一切去換取以前想象中的世界。因此答案為B。

      24.What did the speaker major in during the first two years of college?

      答案:D

      詳解:短文中,講話者提到他在大學時學的是國際商務,而且打算進入一個法學院,但是在大三的時候意識到自

      己不想成為一名律師。因此答案為D。

      25.What is one of the biggest lessons the speaker has learned in life?

      答案:C

      詳解:短文最后,講話者提到自己在生活中所學到的其中最重要的一點是:為你所擁有的感到快樂。因此答案為C。

      Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension

      Section A

      全文翻譯:

      技術變革為生活在20 世紀90 年代的美國人帶來了巨大的全新選擇。這十年里,娛樂、商業、研究和通訊的新

      形式在美國普及開來。這場變革背后的推動力是一個眾所周知的(26)新事物——因特網。

      20 世紀70 年代國防部開發了因特網。在遭到攻擊的情況下,軍事顧問提出了能從另一個終端操控一臺計算機

      的(27)優勢。在因特網發展的初期,它主要被科學家用來與其他科學家交流。直到1984 年,因特網(28)依然

      由政府控制。

      因特網用戶早期面臨的一個問題是網速。電話線路只能以(29)有限的速度傳輸信息。光纖電纜的發展使得每

      分鐘接收數十億比特的信息成為可能。英特爾等公司開發出更快的微處理器,這樣個人計算機能夠以更快的速度處

      理(30)輸入的信號。

      20 世紀90 年代初,萬維網被開發出來,在很大程度上是為了(31)商業目的。企業制作主頁,放上文字和圖

      片以銷售產品。很快,購買機票、(32)預訂旅館、甚至購買汽車和房子都可以在網上進行。大學把研究數據(33)

      發布到因特網上,學生不用離開宿舍就能找到(34)有價值的信息。公司很快發現員工可以在家工作,通過網絡(35)

      提交任務,這樣全新的遠程辦公族就出現了,他們不剃胡子、穿著睡衣在家辦公。

      詳解詳析:

      26.答案:F)innovation

      詳解:名詞辨析題。空格前為冠詞a(n),空格后為過去分詞短語popularly known as the Internet 作后置定語修

      飾該空,因此應填入可數名詞單數。本段第一句指出,技術變革為美國人帶來了巨大的全新選擇,而空格所在句指

      出,這一變革背后的推動力是眾所周知的_____因特網。由此可知,因特網在30 世紀90 年代的美國是新事物,故

      填入F)innovation“新事物,創新”。

      27.答案:A)advantage

      詳解:名詞辨析題。空格位于冠詞the 和介詞of 之間,應填入名詞。本句意為,在遭到攻擊的情況下,軍事顧問

      突出了能夠從另一個終端操控一臺計算機的______。由句意可知,這樣的操作對終端所在地沒有限制,具有一定的

      優勢,因此應填入A)advantage“優勢,優點”。

      28.答案:L)remained

      詳解:動詞辨析題。分析句子結構可知,本空位于主語之后,缺少謂語,應填入動詞。由句意可知,因特網到1984

      年一直由政府控制,應填入表示持續一段時間的動詞,故答案是L)remained“繼續,依然”。

      29.答案:G)limited

      詳解:形容詞辨析題。本空位于冠詞a 和名詞rate 之間,因此應填入形容詞修飾rate。空格所在句的前一句提到,

      因特網用戶早期面臨的一個問題是網速,也就是說早期的因特網網速很慢。本句是對前一句的進一步解釋,電話線

      路只能以_______速度傳輸信息。空格處應填入有“慢”含義的形容詞,故答案是G)limited“有限的”。

      30.答案:E)incoming

      詳解:形容詞辨析題。本空位于冠詞the 和名詞signals 之間,因此應填入形容詞修飾signals。本句意為,英特爾

      等公司開發出更快的微處理器,這樣個人計算機能夠以更快的速度處理_______信號。空格所在句的前一句提到,

      光纖電纜可以讓每分鐘接收的信息以數十億比特計,這就要求個人計算機能更快地處理這些接收的信號,故應填E)

      incoming“進來的,正來臨的”。

      31.答案:B)commercial

      詳解:形容詞辨析題。本空位于名詞purposes 之前,應填入形容詞作定語修飾purposes。由空格所在句的下一句

      可知,企業利用萬維網創建主頁以銷售產品,由此可知萬維網誕生之初是因為企業的需求,故應填入B)commercial

      “商業的”。

      32.答案:M)reservations

      詳解:名詞辨析題。該空位于hotel 之后,而且與airline tickets、cars and homes 構成主語,因此應填入名詞。該

      句意為,很快,購買機票、______旅館,甚至購買汽車和房子都可以在網上進行。結合日常生活,我們知道在網上

      可以預訂賓館房間,故空格處應填M)reservations“預訂”。

      33.答案:K)posted

      詳解:動詞辨析題。分析句子結構可知,本空位于主語universities 和賓語research data 之間,因此應填入動詞作

      謂語。本句意為,大學把研究數據______到因特網上,學生不用離開宿舍就能找到_______信息。由后半句可知,

      學校的數據放到網上,學生足不出戶就能找到信息。因此本空應填入含有“上傳”含義的動詞,故答案為K)posted

      “發布,張貼”。

      34.答案:O)valuable

      詳解:形容詞辨析題。本空位于不可數名詞information 之前,應填入形容詞作定語。由句意可知,學生足不出戶

      就可以在網上查到學校發布的研究數據,而這些數據對他們來說肯定是有用的,因此應填入O)valuable“有價值

      的,珍貴的”。

      35.答案:N)submitted

      詳解:動詞辨析題。分析句子結構可知,本空與and 前的done 是并列結構,和be 共同構成被動語態,因此應填

      入動詞過去分詞形式。本句意為,公司很快發現員工可以在家工作,然后通過網絡______-,這樣全新的遠程辦公族

      就出現了,他們不剃胡子,穿著睡衣在加辦公。由此可知,員工可以在家辦公,通過網絡把完成的任務提交上司,

      因此應填入含有“上交”含義的動詞,故答案為N)submitted“提交”。

      Section B

      全文翻譯:

      編織對健康的益處

      A) 大約15 年前,我被邀請加入編織小組。我同意試一試。

      B) (41)15 歲時,母親曾教過我編織,大學期間我在課上編織過,畢業后的幾年里,也一直在編織。然而幾

      十年過去了,我再也沒有碰過織針,但在兩個周一參加了編織小組的活動后,我就被吸引了,不僅被編織吸引,而

      且還被鉤織吸引了,我快要成為一個非常高產的手藝人了。

      C) 我編織了無數的嬰兒毯、毛衣、圍巾、帽子和嬰兒帽。到哪兒都帶著我的編織活,尤其當我需要坐著不動

      聆聽的時候。(36)正如我在大學時發現的那樣,當我的雙手忙碌時,我的頭腦就會專注于當下。

      D) 似乎我也是全國性地對編織和其他手工藝重燃興趣的一員。工藝紗理事會報告說,如今年齡在25 歲至35

      歲之間的女士中有三分之一的人在編織或鉤織。(38)甚至男士和中小學生也加入到這個大隊伍中,其中就包括我

      朋友的三個小孫子。去年四月份,為了慶祝國家壓力意識月,工藝紗理事會發起了一場“縫走壓力”的活動。身心

      醫學研究所的創始人、《放松反應》的作者。赫伯特·本森博士說,針線活兒的重復動作可以像深思和瑜伽那樣產

      生放松的狀態。一旦你超越了最初的學習曲線,編織和鉤織就可以降低心率和血壓。

      E)(45)但與沉思不同的是,手藝活做出了有形且常常有用的物品,這些物品能增強自尊。我在手機里保留著

      自己非凡成就的照片,以便在需要時提振精神。

      F)(43)自20 世紀90 年代以來,工藝紗理事會調查了成千上萬的編織者和鉤織者,他們經常把緩解壓力和創

      造性滿足列為這些活動的主要收獲。他們中有一個女兒早產的父親,他說孩子在重癥監護病房的五個星期里,“在

      我覺得非常無助的時候,學者編織嬰兒帽給了我一種目標感。這成了我一直在堅持的一個愛好,并且它仍幫助我應

      對工作中的壓力,在忙碌的日子里提供一種秩序感,讓我的大腦有時間解決問題。

      G) 最近紗線公司Red Heart 發布了一封主題為“鉤織和編織對健康的益處”的電子郵件,這封郵件促使我去探

      索編織之類的活動所帶來的健康價值中還有什么其他需要了解的。我的研究表明,這些活動帶來的回報遠遠超過了

      以創造的滿足感來代替壓力和焦慮。

      H) (37)例如,多倫多的一名人生教練海倫·海耶斯實施了編織治療方案,包括用“編織戒煙”方案來幫助

      抽煙者戒煙,“編織治療”方案來幫助人們應對健康危機,比如癌癥診斷或家庭成員的嚴重疾病。有手藝課程的學

      校和監獄報告說,這些課程能產生鎮靜的效果,并能提高社交技能。遵循復雜手藝課程的指導可以提高孩子的數學

      技能。

      I) 一些人發現,手藝活可以幫助他們的控制體重。(42)就像邊編織邊抽煙很困難一樣,當手里拿著編織針和

      鉤針時,就會減少因無聊而吃零食和瞎吃的可能性。

      J) 我發現,盡管不斷變老,用紗線做手工使我患了關節炎的手指更加靈巧。一位女士在患了引發手部劇痛的自

      身免疫疾病以后,被鼓勵嘗試編織,她在工藝紗理事會的網站上匯報說,她的手現在不那么僵硬和疼痛了。

      K)不列顛哥倫比亞大學2009 年研究了38 名學習編織的患有飲食失調癥的女士,研究發現,學習這種手藝有效

      改善了飲食失調癥。她們中74%的人表示,這項活動減輕了她們的恐懼,使她們不去想自己的疾病。

      L)蓓塔森·科克希爾是一名來自英格蘭巴斯的健康教練,同時也是《為健康和幸福編織》一書的作者,她創

      建了一個名為Stitchlinks 的網站,探索被她稱之為編織治療的價值。在他的受訪者中,54%的臨床抑郁癥患者表示

      編織使他們感到高興或非常高興。(40)科克希爾女士和同事對60 名自我報名稱患有持續性疼痛的患者進行了一

      項研究,她們報告稱編織使患者們能夠重新調整自己的注意力,減少對疼痛的意識。她認為,大腦一次只能處理這

      么多事情,編織和鉤織之類的活動是大腦很難注意到疼痛信號。也許最令人興奮的是,研究表明諸如編織和鉤織等

      手藝可能有助于防止因年齡增長導致的大腦功能退化。在2011 年的一項研究中,由羅切斯特市馬友診所的約納斯·杰

      達博士帶領研究人員隨機采訪了1,321 名年齡在70 歲至89 歲的人,他們中大部分人在認知方面是正常的,研究

      人員針對他們晚年從事的認知活動進行了訪問。(44)該研究發表在《精神醫學與臨床神經科學雜志》上,研究發

      現那些從事編織和鉤織等手藝的人患輕度認知障礙和記憶力喪失可能性會降低。

      M)盡管只能認知健康的人才有可能從事這樣的活動,但那些閱讀報紙、雜志。或伴奏的人卻沒有表現出類似

      的好處。研究人員推測,手藝活動促進了大腦神經通路的發展,有助于保持認知健康。

      N)為了支持這一建議,德克薩斯大學拉達拉斯分校的丹尼斯·C.帕克和他的同事于2014 年進行了一項研究,

      該研究證明,學習編織或數碼攝影能增強老年人的記憶功能。那些參加非智力挑戰活動的人,無論是社交團體還是

      孤身一人,都沒有顯示出這樣的改善。

      O)(39)鑒于持續的社會交往已被證明有助于健康和長壽,那些希望最大程度發揮手工藝健康價值的人可以

      考慮加入感興趣的小組。對我來說,我盡量不錯過編織小組每周一次的活動。

      詳解詳析:

      36. When the author was a college student, she found that

      knitting helped her concentrate.

      譯文:當作者是一名大學生時,她發現編織有助于她集

      中注意力。

      定位:由題干中的college, found 和concentrate 定位到原

      文畫線處。

      C) I’ve made countless baby blankets, sweaters, scarves,

      hats, caps for newborns. I take a knitting project with me

      everywhere, especially when I have to sit still and listen. As

      I discovered in college, when my hands are busy, my mind

      stays focused on the here and now.

      詳解:C 段末句提到,正如我在大學時發現的那樣,當我的雙手忙碌時,我的頭腦就會專注于當下。題干中的

      found 對應原文中的discovered; concentrate 對應stays focused on,題干是對定位句的同義轉述,故答案為C。

      37. Knitting can help people stay

      away from tobacco.

      譯文:編織可以幫助人們遠離煙草。

      定位:由題干中的Knitting,help

      和tobacco 定位到原文畫線處。

      H)For example, Karen Hayes, a life coach in Toronto, conducts knitting therapy

      programs, including Knit to Quit to help smokers give up the habit, and Knit to

      Heal for people coping with health crises, like a cancer diagnosis or serious illness

      of a family member. Schools and prisons with craft programs report that they have a

      calming effect and enhance social skills. And having to follow instructions on

      complex craft projects can improve children’s math skills.

      詳解:H 段定位句前半句提到,多倫多的一名人生教練海倫·海耶斯實施了編織治療方案,其中就包括用“編

      織戒煙”方案來幫助抽煙者戒煙。題干中的stay away from tobacco 對應原文中的give up the habit,題干是對定位句的

      概括歸納,故答案為H。

      38. Even men and children

      are now joining the army

      of knitters.

      譯文:甚至男士和孩子也

      加入了編織者大軍。

      定位:由題干中的men

      and children 和joining the

      army 定位到原文畫線處。

      D) It seems, too, that I’m part of a national renewal of interest in needle and other

      handicrafts(手工藝). The Craft Yarn Council reports that a third of women ages 25-35 now

      knit or crochet. Even men and schoolchildren are swelling the ranks, among them my friend’s

      three small grandsons. Last April, the council created a “Stitch Away Stress” campaign in

      honor of National Stress Awareness Month. Dr. Herbert Benson, a pioneer in mind/body

      medicine and author of The Relaxation Response, says that the repetitive action of

      needlework can induce a relaxed stats like that associated with meditation(沉思)and yoga.

      Once you get beyond the initial learning curve, knitting and crocheting can lower heart rate

      and blood pressure.

      詳解:D 段前三句提到,如今全國人都對編織和其他手藝重燃興趣,不僅僅是女士對編織和鉤織感興趣,甚至

      男士和中小學生也在壯大這一隊伍。題干中的men and children 對應原文中的men and schoolchildren;joining the army

      of knitters 對應原文中的swelling the ranks,題干是對定位句的同義轉述,故答案為D。

      39. Being a member of a crafts group enhances one’s health

      and prolongs one’s life.

      譯文:成為某個手工藝小組的成員可以增進健康,延長

      生命。

      定位:由題干中的crafts group 和health 定位到原文畫線

      處。

      O) Given that sustained social contacts have been shown to

      support health and a long life, those wishing to maximize

      the health value of crafts might consider joining a group of

      like-minded folks. I for one try not to miss a single weekly

      meeting of my knitting group.

      詳解:定位句提到,鑒于持續的社會交往已被證明有助于健康和長壽,那些希望最大程度發揮手工藝健康價值

      的人可以考慮加入感興趣的小組。題干是對定位句的概括歸納,故答案為O。

      40. Knitting diverts

      people’s attention

      from their pain.

      譯文:編織能轉移

      人們對疼痛的注意

      力。

      定位:由題干中的

      Knitting 和pain 定

      位到原文畫線處。

      L) Betsan Corkhill, a wellness coach in Bath, England, and author of the book Knit for Health &

      Wellness, established a website, Stitchlinks, to explore the value of what she calls therapeutic

      knitting. Among her respondents, 54 percent of those who were clinically depressed said that knitting

      made them feel happy or very happy. In a study of 60 self-selected people with persistent pain, Ms.

      Corkhill and colleagues reported that knitting enabled them to redirect their focus, reducing their

      awareness of pain. She suggested that the brain can process just so much at once, and that activities

      like knitting and crocheting make it harder for the brain to register pain signals. Perhaps most

      exciting is research that suggests that crafts like knitting and crocheting may help to keep off a

      decline in brain function with age. In a 2011 study, researchers led Dr. Yonas Geda at the Mayo

      Clinic in Rochester interviewed a random(隨機的) sample of 1,321 people ages 70-89, most of

      whom were cognitively(在認知方面) normal, about the cognitive activities they engaged in late in

      life. The study, published in the Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences, found that

      those who engaged in crafts like knitting and crocheting had a diminished chance of developing

      mild cognitive disorder and memory loss.

      詳解:定位句提到,科克希爾女士和同事們研究發現,編織使人們能夠重新調整自己的注意力,減少對疼痛的

      意識,編織和鉤織之類的活動使大腦很難注意到疼痛信號。由此可知,編織能分散人們對疼痛的注意力,題干是對

      定位句的概括歸納,故答案為L。

      41.The author learnt to knit as a teenager, but it was not until

      she was much older that she became keenly interested.

      B)My mother had taught me to knit at 15, and I knitted in

      class throughout college and for a few years thereafter. Then

      譯文:作者在青少年時就學過編織,但是直到年長后,

      她才對編織非常感興趣。

      定位:由題干中的knit as a teenager 和keenly interested

      定位到B 段。

      decades passed without my touching a knitting needle. But

      within two Mondays in the group, I was hooked, not only on

      knitting but also on crocheting(鉤織),and I was on my way

      to becoming a highly productive crafter.

      詳解:定位段提到,作者在15 歲時曾學過編織,在大學期間及大學畢業后的幾年里,也一直在編織,但在后來

      的幾十年里再也沒有碰過織針,直到在兩個周一參加了編織小組的活動后,作者就被編織和鉤織吸引了,快要成為

      一個非常高產的手藝人了。題干中的as a teenager 對應原文中的at 15;became keenly interested 對應原文中的was

      hooked,題干是對定位段的概括總結,故答案為B。

      42. When people are knitting, they tend to eat fewer snacks.

      譯文:當人們編織時,吃的零食往往會變少。

      定位:由題干中的knitting 和fewer snacks 定位到原文畫

      線處。

      I)Some people find that craftwork helps them control their

      weight. Just as it’s challenging to smoke while knitting,

      when hands are holding needles and hooks, there’s less

      snacking and mindless eating out of boredom.

      詳解:I 段提到,一些人發現,手藝活可以幫助他們控制體重。就像邊編織邊抽煙很困難一樣,當手里拿著編織

      針和鉤針時,因無聊而吃零食和瞎吃就會減少。簡言之,編織時,人們就會減少吃零食。題干中的eat fewer snacks

      對應原文中的less snacking and mindless eating,題干是對定位句的同義轉述,故答案為I。

      43. Survey findings show that

      knitting can help people relieve

      stress.

      譯文:調查結果顯示,編織可以

      幫助人們緩解壓力。

      定位: 由題干中的Survey 和

      relieve stress 定位到原文畫線處。

      F) Since the 1990s, the council has surveyed hundreds of thousands of knitters and

      crocheters, who routinely list stress relief and creative fulfillment as the activities’

      main benefits. Among them is the father of a prematurely born daughter who reported

      that during the baby’s five weeks in the intensive care unit, “learning how to knit

      infant hats gave me a sense of purpose during a time that I felt very helpless. It’s a

      hobby that I’ve stuck with, and it continues to help me cope with stress at work,

      provide a sense of order in hectic(忙亂的) days, and allow my brain time to solve

      problems.”

      詳解:定位句提到,自20 世紀90 年代以來,工藝紗理事會調查了成千上萬的編織者和鉤織者,他們經常把緩

      解壓力和創造性滿足列為這些活動的主要收獲。題干中的help…relieve stress 對應原文中的stress relief,題干是對定

      位句的同義轉述,故答案為F。

      44. According to a

      study, knitters and

      crocheters are less

      likely to suffer mild

      cognitive damage.

      譯文:一項研究發現,

      編織者和鉤織者遭受

      輕度認知損害的可能

      性更低。

      定位: 由題干中的

      knitters and crocheters

      和mild cognitive

      damage 定位到原文畫

      線處。

      L) Betsan Corkhill, a wellness coach in Bath, England, and author of the book Knit for Health &

      Wellness, established a website, Stitchlinks, to explore the value of what she calls therapeutic

      knitting. Among her respondents, 54 percent of those who were clinically depressed said that

      knitting made them feel happy or very happy. In a study of 60 self-selected people with persistent

      pain, Ms. Corkhill and colleagues reported that knitting enabled them to redirect their focus,

      reducing their awareness of pain. She suggested that the brain can process just so much at once,

      and that activities like knitting and crocheting make it harder for the brain to register pain signals.

      Perhaps most exciting is research that suggests that crafts like knitting and crocheting may help to

      keep off a decline in brain function with age. In a 2011 study, researchers led Dr. Yonas Geda at

      the Mayo Clinic in Rochester interviewed a random(隨機的) sample of 1,321 people ages 70-89,

      most of whom were cognitively(在認知方面) normal, about the cognitive activities they engaged

      in late in life. The study, published in the Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neurosciences,

      found that those who engaged in crafts like knitting and crocheting had a diminished chance of

      developing mild cognitive disorder and memory loss.

      詳解:定位句提到,研究發現那些從事編織和鉤織等手工藝的人患輕度認知障礙和記憶力喪失的可能性會降低。

      題干中的are less likely to suffer…對應原文中的had a diminished chance of developing…,題干是對定位句的同義轉述,

      故答案為L。

      45. The products of knitting can increase one’s sense of

      self-respect.

      譯文:編織的物品可以增強人們的自尊。

      定位:由題干中的products 和sense of self-respect 定位

      到原文畫線處。

      E)But unlike meditation, craft activities result in tangible and

      often useful products that can enhance self-esteem. I keep

      photos of my singular accomplishments on my cellphone to

      boost my spirits when needed.

      詳解:定位句提到,與沉思不同的是,手藝活能做出有形且實用的物品,這些物品能增強自尊,由此可知,編織

      的物品可以增強自尊。題干中的increase one’s sense of self-respect 對應原文中的enhance self-esteem,故答案為E。

      Section C

      Passage One

      全文翻譯:

      沒有人真的知道拉各斯到底有多大。無可爭議的是它在快速的增大。從現在到2050 年,非洲的城鎮人口會激

      增到目前的三倍。(46)盡管如此,撒哈拉沙漠以南地區的非洲城市并沒有像世界其他地方的城市那樣日益富有。

      絕大多數的非洲市民居住在貧民窟;移居到城市的人們的生活經常還不如在鄉村的時候好。這是為什么?

      當下的問題是貧窮。(47)相對于世界其他地區,大多數非洲地區的城市化進程是在一個較低的收入水平上進

      行的。這意味著幾乎沒有什么錢可以用來投資那些使城市宜居和更具生產力的項目。但沒有升級和新技能力的情況

      下,橋梁、道路以及電力系統很難滿足不斷增長的人口的需求。除了南非之外,撒哈拉沙漠以南地區只有埃塞俄比

      亞的亞迪斯亞貝巴有地鐵輕軌系統。(48)交通擁擠引起的成本上升以及不確定性等都讓投資者望而卻步。

      在世界其他地方,不斷提高的農業生產力和工業化進程是相輔相成的。高產的農民越多意味著有過剩的糧食供

      給城市;反過來,這又為工廠創造了大量的勞動力。(49)但是非洲的城市不是這樣的。它們大多是建立在消耗自

      然資源的基礎上。政府多集中在首都城市,資金也是如此。大多數的非洲城鎮居民為少數富人工作,而這些富人往

      往來自依靠裙帶關系而發家的企業或在政界工作。由于非洲農業仍然普遍缺乏生產力,所以糧食是進口的,這消耗

      了國家部分收入。

      那么,怎樣才能改變這一狀況呢?盡管非洲國家都比較貧窮,但是并不是所有的非洲城市都貧窮。在拉各斯,

      外國石油工人每年為了在該城市治安較好的位置租住一套普通的公寓,就要支付高達65,000 元的美金。如果對這筆

      收入征收更多的稅,那將是改善基礎設施的一個不錯的資金來源。(50)如果該城市的領導人對他們的市民會更加

      負責任的話,他們或許會更加支持那些來用來幫助市民們的項目。然而當修建新的公路時,人口就會增加。當城市

      的人口以每年5%的速度增加時,基礎設施是很難跟得上的。

      詳解詳析:

      46. 答案:B

      定位:由題干中的cities in sub-Saharan Africa 定位到首段第四至五句:Yet cities in sub-Saharan Africa are not getting

      richer the way cities in the rest of the world have. Most urban Africans live in slums(貧民窟); migrants are often not much

      better off than they were in the countryside.

      詳解:推理判斷題。文章開篇指出拉各斯在快速增大,并用數字突出其人口增長之快。但是定位句話鋒一轉,

      表明撒哈拉沙漠以南地區的非洲城市并沒有像世界其他地方的城市那樣日益富有。絕大多數的非洲城市人口居住在

      貧民窟。由此可見,以拉各斯為代表的撒哈拉沙漠以南的非洲城市雖然人口快速增長,但并沒有變得更加富有,故

      答案為B。

      47. 答案:B

      定位:由題干中的urbanization in other parts of the world 定位到第二段第二句:Most of Africa is urbanizing at a

      lower level of income than other regions of the world did.

      詳解:推理判斷題。定位句提到,相對于世界其他地區,大多數非洲地區的城市化進程是在一個較低的收入水

      平上進行的。反之,其他地區的城市化進程是在較高的收入水平上進行的,故答案為B。

      48. 答案:A

      定位:由題干中的unappealing to investors 定位到第二段末句:Traffic jam leads to expense and unpredictability,

      things that keep investors away.

      詳解:推理判斷題。定位句提到,交通擁擠引起的成本上升以及不確定性等都讓投資者望而卻步,且第二段第

      五句指出,除了南非之外,撒哈拉沙漠以南地區只有埃塞俄比亞的亞迪斯亞貝巴有地鐵輕軌系統。由此可見。撒哈

      拉沙漠以南地區的城市的基礎設施并不健全,無法跟人口擴張所帶來的需求的增加,換言之,交通擁擠是該地區的

      短板,打消了投資者的投資念頭,故答案為A。

      49. 答案:C

      定位:由題干中的African cities 和 different 定位到第三段第三至四句:But African cities are different. They are too

      often built around consuming natural resources.

      詳解:實施細節題。第三段前兩句提到,在世界其他地方,不斷提高的農業生產力和工業化進程是相輔相成的。

      高產的農民越多意味著過剩的糧食供給城市;反過來,這樣又為工廠創造了大量的勞動力。由此可見,在城鎮化進

      程中,農業的基礎作用十分重要。定位句提到,但是非洲的城市不同。它們大多是建立在消耗自然資源的基礎之上,

      度答案為C。

      50. 答案:D

      定位:由題干中的a solution to the problems facing African cities 定位到第四段第五句:If city leaders were more

      accountable to their residents, they might favour projects designed to help them more.

      詳解:推理判斷題。作者在第四段第一句提出問題:那么,怎樣才能改變這一狀況呢?接著提出了自己對這一

      問題的建議,一個是增加財政收入,另一個則是對領導人提出建議。定位句提到,如果該城市的領導人對他們的市

      民更加負責任的話,他們或許會更加支持那些用來幫助市民們的項目,故答案為D。

      Passage Two

      全文翻譯:

      (51)在過去幾十年里,關于如何在美國出人頭地,似乎有一個共識:獲得大學文憑,找一份穩定的工作,買一

      棟自己的房子。但是現在美國人還相信這個上升道路嗎?如果相信,能實現嗎?

      最近一期的國家雜志就美國夢這一話題對受訪者進行了民意調查,話題包括如何實現自己的目標,是否感覺對

      自己成功的能力有強大的控制力。(52)結果顯示,絕大多數人認為,當今人們對,美國夢的定義以及實現美國夢的

      途徑都與二十世紀晚期人們的看法相去甚遠。

      總的來說,人們感覺他們的行動和努力(而非外部力量)是他們人生走向的決定性因素。但是,受訪者很明顯

      對于在當今的經濟格局中哪些行為可以改善生活懷有復雜的心情。

      (53)在過去的七年中,美國人對知識改變命運的看法越來越悲觀。即使他們認為讀大學是很多人想要實現的

      目標。但是52%的人認為,年輕人要想成功并不需要四年的大學教育。

      42 歲的米格爾·梅達擁有碩士學位,在公共健康部門工作,他是家里的第一個大學生,正是因為如此,他體會

      到了他的父母和祖父母從未體會到的經濟穩定感。

      (54)雖然像梅達一樣的人強調,學位的價值要高于教育本身,但其他人仍然認為,大學是一種獲取新視野和

      生活經歷的途徑。

      60 歲的威爾·芬德利曾在軍隊有著一份成功的職業,他從來沒有上過大學,他認為,“自我驅動力”要比上大

      學重要的多。(55)對芬德利而言,驅動力以及目標,再加上有效的高中教育和類似于平衡收支這樣的基本生活技

      能,才是在美國擁有成功人生的必備要素。

      詳解詳析:

      51. 答案:A

      定位:由題干中的used to be commonly acknowledged 和succeed in America 定位到第一段第一句:For the past

      several decades, it seems there’s been a general consensus on how to get ahead in America: Get a college education, find a

      reliable job, and buy your own home.

      詳解:實施細節題。定位句指出,在過去的幾十年里,關于如何在美國出人頭地似乎有一個共識:獲得大學文

      憑,找一份穩定的工作,買一幢自己的房子。由此可知,上大學,找份穩定的工作,買房子曾是美國成功人士的標

      志,故答案為A。

      52. 答案:C

      定位:由題干中的the finding of the latest National Journal poll 和the American dream 定位到第二段第二句:

      Overwhelmingly, the results show that today, the idea of the American dream—and what it takes to achieve it—looks quite

      different than it did in the late 20th century.

      詳解:推理判斷題。文章第二段指出,最近一期的國家雜志就美國夢這一話題對受訪者進行了民意調查,定位

      句指出,結果顯示,絕大多數人認為,當今人們對美國夢的定義以及實現美國夢的途徑與二十世紀晚期人們的看法

      相去甚遠。換句話說,當今美國人對美國夢的看法已經發生了巨大的變化,故答案為C。

      53. 答案:C

      定位:由題干中的the role of college education in achieving success 定位到第四段:In the last seven years,

      Americans have grown more pessimistic about the power of education to lead to success. Even though they see going to

      college as a fairly achievable goal, a majority—52 percent—think that young people do not need a four-year college

      education in order to be successful.

      詳解:事實細節題。定位段提到,在過去的七年中,美國人對知識改變命運的看法越來越悲觀。即使他們認為

      讀大學是很多人想要實現的目標,但是52%的人認為,年輕人想要成功并不需要四年的大學教育。此外,文章在接

      下來的三段用米格爾·梅達和威爾·芬德利兩個例子,對定位段的觀點進行了論證,故答案為C。

      54. 答案:D

      定位:由題干中的some people 和view college education these days 定位到第六段:While some, like Maeda,

      emphasized the value of the degree rather than the education itself, others still see college as a way to gain new perspectives

      and life experiences.

      詳解:推理判斷題。本題提問在當今社會,一些人對于大學教育的看法。定位段指出,雖然像梅達一樣的人強

      調,學位的價值要高于教育本身,但其他人仍然認為,大學是一種獲取新視野和生活經歷的途徑。由此可見,當今

      社會中,一些人仍然認為大學教育是必不可少的一個過程,可以給人們帶來新的視野和經歷,故答案為D。

      55. 答案:D

      定位:由題干中的one factor essential to success 和Will Fendley 定位到文章最后一段末句:To Fendley, a sense of

      drive and purpose, as well as an effective high-school education, and basic life skills, like balancing a checkbook, are the

      necessary ingredients for a successful life in America.

      詳解:推理判斷題。定位句提到,對芬德利來說,驅動力以及目標,再加上有效的高中教育和類似于收支平衡

      這樣的基本生活技能,才是在美國擁有成功人生的必備要素。由此可見,在芬德利的心目中,驅動力以及目標是至

      關重要的,故答案為D。

      Part Ⅳ Translation

      參考譯文:

      Huashan(Mount Hua) is situated in Huayin City, 120 kilometers away from Xi'an. It is part of the Qinling Mountains,

      which divides not only Southern and Northern Shaanxi, but also South and North China. Unlike Taishan, which became a

      popular place of pilgrimage, Huashan was not well visited in the past because it is dangerous for the climbers to reach its

      summit. Huashan was also an important place frequented by immortality seekers, as many herbs grow there especially some

      rare ones. Since the installation of the cable cars in the 1990s, the number of visitors has increased significantly.


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